Visitors to Kenya should get the latest medical advice on inoculations and malaria prevention at least three weeks prior to departure. All visitors should note the following:
- A malaria risk exists all year round, but more around Mombasa and the lower coastal areas than in Nairobi and on the high central plateau. It is imperative that you obtain malaria prophylactics before entering Kenya. When purchasing these, please tell your doctor or pharmacist that you intend visiting Kenya. It is important to note that the Kenyan authorities have banned the use of chloroquine combinations as prophylaxis.
- Everyone entering Kenya must be in possession of a valid International Certificate of Vaccination against yellow fever.
- Immunisations against Hepatitis A, tetanus, polio, tuberculosis, typhoid & meningococcal meningitis are usually recommended.
- Other risks include diarrhoeal diseases, hepatitis B and E and dengue fever. Protection against bites from sandflies, mosquitoes and tsetse flies is the best prevention against dengue fever and other insect-borne diseases.
- AIDS is a serious problem in Kenya and the necessary precautions should be taken.
There are good medical facilities in Nairobi and Mombasa and in the vicinity of game parks and beaches, but are limited elsewhere. Doctors and hospitals often require immediate cash payment, but usually accept major credit cards. Most of the major hotels and lodges have contracts with doctors and dentists, and there are emergency pharmacies open throughout the night in most major urban areas.
We recommend that all visitors take out medical insurance before visiting Kenya. It is advisable to secure medical cover on your medical insurance before arriving in the country. Any visitors requiring specialised medication should bring sufficient supplies from home.
Water is of variable quality and visitors are advised to drink bottled water wherever possible. This is available from most hotels and lodges. Do not use ice cubes, or eat raw seafood or raw meat. After a confirmed outbreak of cholera in Nairobi in June 2005, all visitors are advised to avoid roadside food stands and eat only well-cooked foods and peel (or wash with bottled water) all fruit.