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The Man Who Keeps Kruger's Lions in Check

The Man Who Keeps Kruger’s Lions in Check

When five lions made an unexpected appearance outside the confines of South Africa’s Kruger National Park, it sparked a frenzy of public concern. However, the chief scientist of the country’s national parks agency, SANParks, tried to calm the situation by emphasizing that such lion sightings outside the park are not unusual occurrences.

Lion Adventures Beyond the Park

Danie Pienaar, SANParks’ chief scientist, explained that lions frequently venture beyond the park’s boundaries. Kruger National Park, with its sprawling 1,800-kilometer perimeter, cannot be entirely foolproof, and there’s no continuous surveillance to prevent animals from wandering. Lions sometimes return to the park on their own, while others are darted, captured, and returned. Unfortunately, habitual offenders may face euthanasia, although most incidents go unnoticed by the public.

The Man Who Keeps Kruger's Lions in Check

The “Normal Habitat”

Pienaar emphasized that the concept of containing lions entirely within Kruger’s boundaries is unrealistic. Animals wandering beyond the park’s borders is a natural occurrence, and Pienaar is on a mission to help communities living on the park’s edges understand and coexist with this reality.

Pienaar’s upbringing uniquely prepared him for this role, as he spent his early years within Kruger National Park. He and other camp children enjoyed a childhood surrounded by the bush, albeit with the presence of dangerous wildlife. His memories are a blend of typical childhood activities, albeit with an extra dose of adventure due to the animal encounters.

Challenging Misconceptions

Pienaar acknowledges that it’s common for people to fear wildlife, but he stresses that animals in the park are not inherently hostile. His team’s efforts are dedicated to conveying this message to others.

SANParks recognizes the importance of engaging with the impoverished communities around Kruger National Park. High unemployment rates in this region, nearly 50%, make community involvement crucial. SANParks has initiated various programs, including bringing local schoolchildren to the park and collaborating with “poacher villages” in Mozambique across the border.

Addressing Wildlife Interactions

One critical outreach program compensates farmers when predators kill their livestock, which occurs frequently. This program aims to address the challenges posed by porous boundaries in the region.

Animals, especially leopards, frequently roam South Africa, sometimes even venturing to the outskirts of cities like Pretoria. However, Pienaar assures that, while they may prey on unattended pets, they do not target humans unless provoked.


Danie Pienaar’s unique upbringing and dedication to community engagement play a pivotal role in fostering coexistence between humans and wildlife in the region surrounding Kruger National Park. Understanding that wildlife interactions are a part of life in this area, Pienaar and his team work tirelessly to bridge the gap between people and animals, emphasizing the need for harmonious cohabitation.